National Education Policy 2020

Under the NEP, college degree will be of either 3 or 4-year span with various leave alternatives inside this period

Higher education Commission of India will be set up as a solitary body for whole Higher education, absolving clinical and lawful training

The Indian government Wednesday supplanted a 34-year-old National Policy on Education, encircled in 1986, with the New Education Policy of 2020. The NEP, affirmed by the association bureau, makes clearing changes in school and advanced education including instructing. Probably the greatest features of the NEP 2020 are, 1) a solitary controller for advanced education establishments, 2) different section and leave choices in degree courses, 3) stopping of MPhil programs, 4) low stakes load up tests, 5) common selection tests for colleges.

New Education Policy 2020: Important highlights

Schooling starts at the age of 3 years now

The New Education Policy expands age group 6-14 years of mandatory schooling to 3-18 years of schooling. The NEP introduces hitherto uncovered three years of pre-schooling, age group of 3-6 years under the school curriculum. The new system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/ pre-schooling.

With an emphasis on Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE), the 10+2 structure of school curriculum is to be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.

Mother tongue as medium of instruction

The NEP puts center around understudies' native language as the mode of guidance even as it adheres to the 'three language recipe' yet in addition orders that no language would be forced on anybody. The NEP just suggests the first language as vehicle of guidance, and not make it necessary.

The approach report expresses that kids learn and handle non-paltry ideas all the more rapidly in their home language.

"At every possible opportunity, the mechanism of guidance until at any rate Grade 5, however ideally till Grade 8 and past, will be the home language, first language, nearby language or the local language. From that point, the home or nearby language will keep on being instructed as a language at every possible opportunity. This will be trailed by both open and tuition based schools," the approach states.


Higher Education Commission of India(HECI) will be set up as a single overarching umbrella body for entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education. Public and private higher education institutions will be governed by the same set of norms for regulation, accreditation and academic standards.

Govt will phase out the affiliation of colleges in 15 years and a stage-wise mechanism is to be established for granting graded autonomy to colleges.

Science, arts, commerce gets blurred

Under NEP 2020, there will be no rigid separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extra-curricular activities, between vocational and academic streams. Students can select subjects of their liking across the streams. Vocational education will start in schools from the 6th grade, and will include internships.

FYUP Program Returns and No More Dropouts

Under the NEP, college degree will be of either 3 or 4-year term with various leave choices inside this period. School will be ordered to give endorsement in the wake of finishing 1 year in a control or field including professional and expert zones, a certificate following 2 years of study, or a Bachelor's qualification following a 3-year program.

Govt will likewise build up an Academic Bank of Credit for carefully putting away scholastic credits earned from various HEIs so that these can be moved and checked towards conclusive degree earned.